|English 654 Rhetoric of ScienceMid Term submitted by Nami Olgin||
In pediatric medicine for the last two decades, there has been a growing emergence in the diagnosis of behavioral problems that are perceived as a challenge to both parents and teachers and of which management and containment become beyond their control. Characteristics such as
disobedience have officially become a medical matter with its indicative labeling of the characteristic as Oppositional Defiance Disorder. Just about every what used to be as just a personal quirk now has a medical nomenclature of which designation implies abnormality so called disorders.
One of the most prominent of all is Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder or ADHD - the four-letter word combination, which now seeps into the mind of every parent with a school age child who is hyper (or energetic, to add the neutrality of this adjective) and has difficulty in focusing. With that diagnosis, their children’s hard to manage behaviors can be medically acknowledged as symptoms that are subjected to psychiatric medicinal treatments.
"Medicalization can be defined as the process by which some aspects of human life come to be considered as medical problems, whereas before they were not considered pathological."
- Antonio Maturo
Since the late 80’s, the number of the ADHD diagnosis has rapidly increased thus without much exposition to counter arguments, the public, or the layman community started acknowledging hyperactivity and a lack of focus as a medical disorder, which legitimized medical interventions, as with any other diseases, by physician. However, there was a community of physicians that was alarmed by this trend and negated the medical designations of the problematic behaviors.